Search
Close this search box.

Strabismus Surgery and Binocular Outcomes

Author

4 min

Reading

Boy with strabismus.

Strabismus, commonly known as ”crossed eyes”, is a condition in which both eyes do not align and point in the same direction. It can lead to double vision and affects the development of stereopsis.

Binocular stereopsis or stereo vision refers to the capacity to estimate an item’s distance purely based on the relative positions of the object in the two eyes. In other words, it refers to the ability to perceive depth and spatial relationships.

Normal binocular vision with strong stereopsis is essential for complex skills. As a result, it is crucial to restore stereopsis in patients who have lost their binocularity. In this blog post, we will talk about strabismus surgery and binocular outcomes.

What is Strabismus Surgery?

Strabismus surgery is a procedure performed to correct misaligned eyes and restore binocular vision. The surgery involves repositioning the extraocular eye muscles. Consequently, the alignment of the eyes improves.

During the surgery, the ophthalmologist makes small incisions in the conjunctiva (the clear membrane covering the eye) to access the eye muscles. After the strabismus surgery, there are several factors which can affect the binocular outcomes.

In cases of acquired strabismus, treating the double vision may help the patient regain their previous level of stereopsis. Additionally, in kids with congenital strabismus, the binocular function may be improved with the right intervention in the first few years of life. Recently, it has been claimed that stereopsis can get better even in people who have had strabismus since childhood.

Sign up for our newsletter!

Receive helpful tips, insightful content, and latest news from the field of vision therapy and improving our most precious sense: sight!
The binocular function may be improved with the right intervention in the first few years of life.

Effects of Ocular Realignment on Stereopsis

What are the effects of surgical ocular realignment on the improvement of stereopsis? Eshaghi et al (2021) did a study with 194 patients observing the stereopsis after strabismus surgery.

Patients with exotropia had much higher initial stereopsis than those with esotropia. The first finding, confirming previous studies, is that surgery substantially improved the stereopsis in patients, whether it was in the form of exotropia or esotropia.

Eshaghi et al (2021) demonstrated that early surgical intervention can enhance stereopsis in patients with acquired exotropia and esotropia. What is more, the presence of vertical deviation had a negative impact on the final stereopsis in patients with horizontal strabismus.

Factors Affecting Binocular Outcomes

Several factors can affect the binocular outcomes after strabismus surgery. These include:

  • Age: Children have a better chance of developing stereopsis after strabismus surgery than adults, as their brains are more plastic and better able to adapt to changes in vision.
  • Severity and duration of strabismus: Long-standing and severe strabismus can result in the suppression of vision in one eye, making it more difficult to develop stereopsis after surgery.
  • Amblyopia (lazy eye): Strabismus surgery is often performed in conjunction with amblyopia treatment, as the two conditions often occur together. Amblyopia can affect the binocular outcomes of strabismus surgery, as it can result in a reduction in visual acuity in one eye.
  • Other vision problems: Patients with other vision problems, such as significant refractive errors, can have a more difficult time developing stereopsis after strabismus surgery.
Strabismus surgery is often performed in conjunction with amblyopia treatment.
Amblyopia treatment

Postoperative Considerations

After strabismus surgery, patients may experience temporary side effects such as redness, swelling, and discomfort. These typically subside within a few weeks, and the final outcome of the surgery becomes more apparent over time. In some cases, additional surgeries or other treatments may be necessary to achieve optimal results.

Conclusion: Strabismus Surgery and Binocular Outcomes

In conclusion, strabismus surgery can be a highly effective way to restore binocular vision and stereopsis. With proper care and rehabilitation, patients can experience a significant improvement in their visual function. That allows them to enjoy a more normal and fulfilling life. However, the outcomes dependent on various factors described above. If you are experiencing symptoms of strabismus, it is important to seek the advice of a specialist. The latter will determine if surgery is the right option.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is strabismus?

Strabismus, commonly known as ”crossed eyes”, is a condition in which both eyes do not align and point in the same direction. It can lead to double vision and affects the development of stereopsis.

What is strabismus surgery?

Strabismus surgery is a procedure performed to correct misaligned eyes and restore binocular vision. The surgery involves repositioning the eye muscles.

Which factors affect binocular outcomes after strabismus surgery?

Age, severity and duration of strabismus, amblyopia (lazy eye), and other vision problems, such as significant refractive errors, can have a more difficult time developing stereopsis after strabismus surgery.

How long does double vision last after strabismus surgery?

After strabismus surgery, the brain needs time to adjust to the new alignment of the eyes. During this adjustment period, double vision may occur as the brain learns to fuse the images from both eyes into a single, coherent image. Eye exercises and vision therapy are often recommended to help speed up this adaptation process.

How long does strabismus surgery results last?

Strabismus surgery often provides long-lasting or permanent improvement in eye alignment, but the duration of results can vary. Factors such as the type of strabismus, surgical procedure, and individual health play a role. Regular follow-up appointments are crucial to monitor progress, and in some cases, additional treatments may be needed to maintain optimal alignment. Discuss expectations and potential risks with your eye surgeon before the surgery.



Sources:
Eshaghi, M., Arabi, A., Banaie, S., Shahraki, T., Eshaghi, S., & Esfandiari, H. (2021). Predictive factors of stereopsis outcomes following strabismus surgery. Therapeutic Advances in Ophthalmology, 13, 251584142110030. https://doi.org/10.1177/25158414211003001

Subscribe to our newsletter!

Subscribe to our newsletter and get your 10% discount code for the AmblyoPlay Vision Therapy right away!

Thanks for subscribing!

Here is a coupon code for 5% discount on AmblyoPlay Vision Therapy

COUPON: NEWS5
Why Do We Suggest a Minimum Time of 6 Months for Success?

Based on the data from over 15,000 patients using AmblyoPlay, improvements start within 4 months, while optimal results take anywhere between 6-18 months on average. The duration of required training depends on the patient’s age, the severity of the problem, accompanying diseases, and adherence to the training program.

Here is your coupon!

COUPON: SIGN10

*You can use the coupon at checkout when ordering the AmblyoPlay box