Postural problems in children with low vision

Postural problem

Low vision is a visual impairment that persists after receiving the recommended refractive corrections and has a visual acuity of less than 20/60. Low vision describes visual impairment that cannot be treated with traditional eyeglasses, surgery, or medical procedures. A child may be born with poor eyesight, or they may lose their vision as they grow older. Disease, injury, or damage to the eye or the brain’s visual centers can all result in low vision. A person with low vision must learn to live with it. However, there are various methods to support those who have limited eyesight so they may continue with activities that are important to them.

Due to the possibility that a child’s symptoms might be caused by another physical or hereditary issue, low eyesight may not be recognized in children. There is evidence that children with visual impairments have problems with gait and balance. Furthermore, they also experience postural issues as a result of insufficient visual stimulation. What kinds of postural issues arise from low vision? Let’s find out.

There was a study that included nine children with low vision in the study, namely five girls and four boys. The average age was 12 years. The results led to the conclusion that the postural status was at a moderate level. Additionally, it was discovered that all of the kids with impaired eyesight had scoliosis. Scoliosis happens when the spine twists and curves to the side. Although it may affect anybody, from infants to adults, it most frequently begins in youngsters between the ages of 10 and 15. Scoliosis can be improved with therapy, it is often not a symptom of anything dangerous, and if it is slight, treatment is not necessary. Why would low vision be the cause of scoliosis? Scientists suggest that children develop impaired posture control systems to compensate for diminished sensory input caused by decreased visual stimulation.

Scoliosis. Source: Mayo Clinic

Atasavun Uysal, S., Guven, Z., Kabak, V. Y., Yadigar, N., & Demircioglu, A. (2018). P 062 – Examination of postural problems in children with low vision: A pilot study. Gait & Posture, 65, 335.

What Is Low Vision? (2021, September 23). American Academy of Ophthalmology. Retrieved September 1, 2022, from

What Is Childhood Low Vision? (2021, September 23). American Academy of Ophthalmology. Retrieved September 1, 2022, from